Note [édition originale] : Dhu’lkarnein
.] Or, The two-horned
. The generality of the commentators
person here meant to be Alexander
the Great, or, as they call him, Iscander al
, king of Persia
; but there are very different opinions as to
the reason of this surname. Some think it was given him because he was king
of the East
and of the West
, or because he had made expeditions to both those
extreme parts of the earth; or else because he had two horns on his diadem, or
two curls of hair, like horns, on his forehead; or, which is most probable, by
reason of his great valour. Several modern writers
rather suppose the
surname was occasioned by his being represented in his coins and statues with
horns, as the son of Jupiter Ammon
; or else by his being compared by the
to a he-goat7
tho’ he is there represented with but one
There are some good writers, however, who believe the prince intended in
this passage of the Korân
was not Alexander
, but another great
conqueror, who bore the same name and surname, and was much more ancient than
he, being contemporary with Abraham,
and one of the kings of Persia
or, as others suppose, a king of Yaman,
named Asaab Ebn al
They all agree he was a true believer, but whether he was a prophet or
no, is a disputed point.
Idem, Al Zamakhshari, Jallalo’ddin, Yahya.
Scaliger, de Emend. temp. L’Empereur, not. in Jachiad. Dan. viii. 5. Gol. in Alfrag. p. 58, &c.
Schickard. Tarikh Reg. Pers. p. 73.
Abulfeda, Khondemir, Tarikh Montakhab, &c. V. D’Herbel. Bibl.
Orient. Art. Escander.
Ex trad. Ebn Abbas. V. Poc. Spec. p. 58.